Sasquatch and First Nations Indian Lore in the Northeast United States

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This is a historical drawing by a Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) child showing the 'Ge-no'sqwa' or Stone Giants chasing Haudenosaunee braves. Note the pointed heads and stick-wielding characteristics of the creatures. Image from The Mythology of All Races by Louis Herbert Gray, George Foot Moore, John Arnott. Published by Marshall Jones Company, 1916.


First Nation Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) lore speaks of the 'Stone Giants' or, in native tongue, the "Ge-no'sqwa" that, as living beings, personified implements of stone. These woodland giants were regarded as malevolent creatures and believed to be cannibals and man-eaters. They were described in tribal lore to have 'rock-hard' skin that they obtained by rolling in earth and sand regularly - hence the 'Stone Giant' moniker. The term is derived specifically from Haudenosaunee Seneca Tribe cosmogony. Elsewhere in the Haudenosaunee Tribes (Oneida tribe for instance), the term "Ot-ne-yar-heh" is used to describe the Stone Giants.

A recent reproduction of a traditional Haudenosaunee
ceremonial Stone Giant or Ge-no'sqwa mask as crafted by The
Wolf Den
- Native American artisan crafters.

Rolling in mud is widely used by many animals the world over as both a natural sunscreen and/or to add protection from biting insects. One only needs to spend a few minutes in the dense woods of the Northeast in early June to encounter the relentless swarm that is biting black flies. Moose are known to mud wallow prolifically here in the Northeast during black fly season, precisely for this purpose. I even took an encounter report from a witness in the Adirondacks who described seeing an upright, hairy creature emerging from a stream gully covered in mud, next to the road, as he passed by in his car in the month of June.

Could the Haudenosaunee "Stone Giant" moniker derive from historically witnessed mud wallowing activity and/or relate directly to the stone-throwing behavior many have reported in recent Sasquatch encounters?

We see in many modern-day anecdotal encounter reports with purported Bigfoot-type creatures, that projectile-throwing is often witnessed.

Interestingly, many First Nation tribes describe similar woodland giants or wild men - though the names change based on tribal language... And translational meanings that remarkably echo various abilities that modern-day witnesses have attributed to Bigfoot-type creatures they have witnessed.

In Washignton state, for instance, "Skookum" or "Scoocum" are First Nation Chinook words for 'Evil God of the Woods'. "Seatco" from the Puyallup and Nisqually languages means a 'malevolent, larger-than-human figure that moves through the forest with stealth and quickness.' The coastal Salish tribe has the derivative "See'atco" meaning 'One who runs and hides.'

The Alaskan Tanaina tribe use the term "Qaxdascidi" which is the moniker for a malevolent being known for the mysterious noises it makes.

In Minnesota, the Ponca First Nations term is 'Indacinga' describing large creatures of great physical strength that live in the forest and hoot like owls. Traditionally, Ponca mothers are said to have chastised misbehaving children with the threat of being caught by an 'Indacinga'.

Indeed, many First Nations tribes hold terminology within their native tongues and lore that may be related to Sqasquatch-like creatures - often with specific traits that we see in witness encounter reports today.

Native American Tribes in New York State
& Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) Confederacy

Above map shows the historical Native American Tribes and regions in New York State. The Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) Confederacy is shown in red. The only Haudenosaunee Tribe not represented is the Tuscarora - regional cousins of the 5 original Haudenosaunee Tribes. The Tuscarora migrated to New York from North Carolina in the 1700's to escape British colonial enslavement. For more information on First Nation Tribes of New York State, visit